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1/ A couple of words of caution are necessary about the data used in this chapter. First, as noted in the chapter on "Demographics," the Census data for 1980 included both part- Hawaiians and full-Hawaiians in the category "Hawaiian" and because of the data collection system, the number of native Hawaiians in this category is lower than the number in the State of Hawaii population data. Second, the unique homesteading program for native Hawaiians of 50 percent blood quantum and the housing programs of the DHHL may affect the statistics presented here. According to comments received from tee Chairman of the Hawaii Department of Hawaiian Home Lands (DHHL):

Another factor which affects the Housing situation for Hawaiians is the existence of DHHL's housing program. There are about 2,900 leases with residences. Assuming an average household size of 5.0 persons, this amounts to 14,500 persons residing on Hawaiian Home Lands or 8.2% of the total native Hawaiian and Hawaiian population of 175,000 [according to the State of Hawaii population data]. This will affect statistics on Hawaiians cited in the [Commission's] report, for example, number and value of owner-occupied housing units and housing characteristics. If you deduct the number of DHHL-developed residences from these statistics, you will find that the housing situation for Hawaiians is more critical (pp. 1-2).

2/ State of Hawaii, Data Book 1981, A statistical Abstract (Honolulu: State Department of Planning and Economic Development, November 1981), p. 473.

3/ Data for California and U.S. from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1981 (Washington, D. C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981) p. 11. Data for Hawaii from Hawaii Data Book 1981, p. 17. Hawaii data suggested in comments received from Hawaii Dept. of Social Services and Housing.

4/ Data Book 1981, p. 17.

5/ Data Book 1981, p. 4 7 J.

6/ Comments received from Robert C. Schmitt point out that the rental vacancy rate shown for Hawaii in Table 48, "is very misleading, since all vacant rental units held for transient occupancy are included in the rate" (p. 2). Including "tourist-type," shared ownership or time-sharing condominiums in the vacancy rate "make rental vacancies appear higher and at prices generally above comparable long-term rental units." (Comment from Hawaii Dept. of Social Services and Housing.)

7/ Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1981, p. 429.

8/ Ibid., p. 762. These data may be misleading; see footnote 6 above.

9/ Testimony submitted to the Native Hawaiians Study Commission by: Rachel Kamekana (Molokai, January 10, 1982); Winifred Takoma Hualani Lum (Hawaii, January 12, 1982); Nathan Kahikolu Kalama (Kauai, January 13, 1982).


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