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1/ This section on the origin of ancient Hawaiian settlers was revised as a result of suggestions for the use of additional sources by Violet Ku'ulei Ihara of the Bishop Museum, Honolulu.

2/ H. David Tuggle, "Hawaii", in The Prehistory of Polynesia, Jesse D. Jennings, editor (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1979), p. 189.

3/ Ibid.

4/ Yosihiko H. Sinoto, "The Marquesas," in The Prehistory of Polynesia, p. 131.

5/ Tuggle, p. 189.

6/ Ibid.

7/ Ibid.

8/ Ibid., p. 171.

9/ Donald Kilolani Mitchell, "Religious Beliefs and Practices," from Resource Units in Hawaiian Culture (Honolulu: The Kamehameha Schools, 1982), p. 1.

10/ Martha Warren Beckwith, Hawaiian Mythology (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1970), p. 81.

11/ Ralph S. Kuykendall, The Hawaiian Kingdom, Volume I, 1778-1854, Foundation and Transformation (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1968), p. 8. Hereinafter referred to as "Kuykendall Volume I."

12/ E. S. C. Handy, Polynesian Religion (Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 34, 1927), quoted in Kuykendall, Volume I, p. 8.

13/ Mitchell, p. 35. Elaboration of explanation of kapu system added a the suggestion of Violet Ku'ulei Ihara.

14/ Kuykendall, Volume I, p. 9. Change suggested by Violet Ku'ulei Ihara.

15/ The Commission received several comments from individuals on the issue of genealogy, royal succession, and differing claims to the former Hawaiian throne. (See, for example, comments by Rory Soares Toomey, Ralph L. Heidenreich, Victoria Mews, Beatrice Kulia-Ika-Nuu Anderson, and George T. H. Pai.) One comment notes that: "...it would be inappropriate for the [Native Hawaiians Study Commission] to attempt to resolve the issue of royal succession" (Beatrice Kulia-Ika-Nuu Anderson). The Commission agrees; it is outside the purview of the Commission's mandate to issue an authoritative statement on the differing claims to the former Hawaiian throne. The Commission's Report does not specifically address the issue of succession. Any statements that may seem incidentally to relate to this issue are hot meant to address or prejudice any current claims.

16/ David Malo, Hawaiian Antiquities (Moolelo Hawaii) (Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1951), p. 80.

17/ Ibid., p. 80.

18/ Thomas Marshall Spaulding, The Crown Lands of Hawaii, University of Hawaii Occasional Papers, No. 1 (Honolulu: University of Hawaii, October 10, 1923), p. 3. This article was submitted as a comment and can be


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