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using the definition of poverty used in compiling the 1970 census); (2) children in families receiving AFDC payments in excess of the poverty level for a non-farm family of four (updated annually); (3) neglected or delinquent children residing in institutions which are not State-operated; and (4) foster children supported with public funds. Authorizations are ratably reduced to the appropriated amount. In addition each county is guaranteed an amount which is not less than 85 percent of the amount received in the previous year.

One-haIf of the funds appropriated for the basic Chapter 1 program in excess of the amount appropriated for school year 1978-79 will be allocated to the States and counties on the basis 'of the number of children from families below 50 percent of the median national income for four-person families, as determined by the 1975 Survey of Income and Education. Within States, each local educational agency will receive an amount based on its percentage of the State's basic Chapter 1 allocation.

Definition of Eligibility: Local educational agencies (LEAs) are eligible to receive funds under this program. Individuals must be educationally disadvantaged to receive services. The LEA determines this.

Educationally-Deprived Children—State Administration (84.012)

Office of Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education.

Objectives: To provide financial assistance to State educational agencies to meet the special needs of educationally-deprived children.

Types of Assistance: Formula Grants.

Head Start */

Head Start provides comprehensive developmental services designed to improve the quality of life for children and their families. Intended primarily for preschoolers from low-income families, the program seeks to foster the development of children and to enable them to deal more effectively with both their present environment and later responsibilities in school and community life. Head Start programs emphasize cognitive and language development, socio-economic development, physical and mental health, and parent involvement, to enable each child to develop and function at his or her highest potential. At least ten percent of enrollment opportunities in each State are made available to handicapped children.

Head Start provides a variety of learning experiences that lay the framework for success in elementary school. Head Start children receive comprehensive health services, including immunizations and physical and dental exams and treatment, and hot meals to help meet daily nutritional needs. The program also emphasizes significant involvement of the children's parents in their early childhood development. Technical assistance and training activities are provided to local program staff to enhance the quality and effectiveness of the services offered. Grants to carry out Head Start are awarded to public and private non-profit agencies. Head Start's legislation includes a formula that determines basic State allocations. The two factors in the formula are the relative number of poor children and the number of recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children in each State as compared to all States.

*/ Information on this program obtained from Commissioner Carl Anderson, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


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